Cannabis is grown and produced in 3 ways: herbal (dried flowering tops and leaves); resin (flattened solid made from the sticky substance in the plant); oil (an extract of cannabis leaves and flowers). Cannabis oil and hemp oil are extracts, not essential oils.
One of the major differences between the hemp plant and the cannabis plant is the difference in concentration of CBD and THC cannabinoids. Generally, the hemp plant contains more CBD than THC, while cannabis contains more THC than CBD. CBD is non-psychoactive whereas THC is psychoactive. A good blend of the two will tone down any ‘high’ that THC normally presents on its own. That is why the hemp oil is readily available at your local shop while cannabis has been vilified.
There is no standardized procedure for extracting CBD oil from the hemp plant, so many counterfeit products that claim to contain high concentrations of CBD exist. To make it worse, the Hemp CBD oil is also treated as a dietary supplement so there are no regulations in place.
Cannabis contains about 100 cannabinoids and studies reveal that the efficiency of any of these cannabinoids is improved by the presence of the other cannabinoids. This means that for CBD to be more effective, THC must be present.
- Cannabis – contains THC and CBD, amongst many other cannabinoids. Cannabis is also called marijuana and is grown for its medical and recreational uses. The THC makes people high and now growers are engineering plants high in THC for the recreational market. The CBD content in cannabis oil is also high and therefore cannabis oil is used to cure many ailments.
- Hemp – contains mostly CBD and is used as a general health booster, plus medicinal therapy. Hemp is mostly grown for its
fibreand seeds, used in manufacturing and to create healthproducts. The lack of THC makes hemp a safer, more acceptable health therapy, used for nutritional and medicinal purposes. Hemp oil is revered for its ideal omega 3 / omega 6 ratiowhile CBD oil is used as a medication, with no side effects.